The common Field pea (Pisum sativum) is also known as 'Dry Pea' or Garden Pea. Field pea is one of the most popular food crops in the world as it is very nutritious, and its cultivation is also easy. Uttar Pradesh is a major field pea producing state in India producing about 60% of the country’s produce. Different varieties of peas are harvested differently. The garden peas are ready for harvest when they are swollen. Unlike other vegetable crops, it cannot survive warm temperatures and only yield efficiently if cultivated in cool conditions, though; heat tolerant varieties have also been developed.According to the archaeologists, the green pea, also known by the name of garden pea originated in China or Egypt dating back to around 10000 years.