Sugarcane belongs to bamboo family of plants and is indigenous to India. It is the main source of sugar, gur and khandsari. It was originally native to warm tropical regions of Asia, but after early civilizations found out about its usefulness it quickly spread. Sugarcane accounts for the largest value of production and holds an enviable position among all the commercial crops in India. About two-thirds of the total sugarcane produced in India is consumed for making gur and khandsari and only one third of it goes to sugar factories. After the extraction of the juice the fibrous mass left behind is used for making paper and sound insulating board. In sugarcane production ratooning is also followed. A ratoon crop is the second or any other successive crop obtained from the roots left over in the field from the first crop.